That’s to say, those of 1950, 1961, 1967 and 1971. Sovereignty was always the key concern, despite arguments over its meaning.
The former Foreign Secretary says May’s team are inexperienced in EU negotiations and are “pushing out disinformation”.
He made grotesque errors of taste and judgement – see “Rivers of Blood”. But even his critics admit that he was one of the great parliamentarians of the 20th century.
Between 1997 and 2005, public sector spending rose from £336 billion to £517 billion a year. But its output has increased little, so its productivity has fallen dramatically.
The Electoral Reform Society calculates that a tiny change in votes would have given May a bare majority last spring. But how much difference would this have made?
Hammond wants no longer to treat it as a second Budget-style political opportunity. That may turn out to be better in principle than in practice.
How quickly we forget, and how much we do at our peril. Peace in Europe! How our parents and grandparents longed for it.
The fervent believer in the European project was also an early advocate of market economics. We send our commiserations to his widow and family.
Authors have less access to papers than their predecessors, and their subjects tend to be less interesting – and are often still alive.
Think of today’s two main parties led in 2015 by Nicholas Soames and Denis Healey and you are part of the way there.
For all the understandable zeal about pursuing big business, not enough has been done to check HMRC’s abuse of ordinary working people.