Outsourcing to arms-length groups and insufficient departmental reviews have created a democratic deficit.
Due to the legacy of strategic miscalculations under Angela Merkel, Germany is among those countries that would be worst affected by a Russian gas shutdown.
It makes little sense to leave the Single Market and not use new regulatory freedoms to improve the business environment and encourage innovation.
Delivering the right vehicle cannot be premised on the idea that non-EU states are merely satellites of Brussels.
it is almost impossible to disentangle any effect from the much larger shock resulting from pandemic and war.
Sefcovic’s language in response was more assuaging than we have seen from Brussels in previous UK-EU rows.
Both countries look set to continue to rub along uneasily, mixing elements of cooperation and competition along the way.
Next, European policies towards China, both in the EU and in the UK, are likely to come under increased scrutiny.
Closer co-ordination and liberalisation between like-minded allies could reduce dependencies and increase security of supply.
Just as its energy dependence on Russia cannot be reversed overnight, decades of drift into quasi-pacifism reflect a deeply embedded outlook.
Parliament must beware of outsourcing more power to regulators without a commensurate increase in democratic scrutiny and accountability.
Critics have a point when they note that, so far, Ministers’ rhetoric has been appreciably more ambitious than its actions.
While EU governments are united behind the principle of imposing sanctions, there has been much debate about what form they should take.
With the Assembly elections in May fast approaching, it is clear that there is a finite time horizon for these negotiations to bear fruit.
A year of the Northern Ireland Protocol, AUKUS, rolled-over trade agreements – and the Indo-Pacific tilt.